Edward Martyn (1859 - 1923)
of Tullira Castle, Ardrahan was an Irish political and
cultural activist, playwright, last of the senior branch of
the Martyn family of Tullira, one of The Tribes of Galway.
Friend of William Butler Yeats, Lady Gregory, with whom he
founded the Irish Literary Theatre. He was the first
President of Sinn Féin, which he co-founded with Arthur
Griffith. He was a cousin and friend to George Moore, though
their relationship was often antagonistic.
Violently opposed to British rule in Ireland, he was the
centre of a court case in 1905 as the result of an off-the
cuff remark in which he stated that "All Irishmen who join
the English army ought to be flogged". He died in 1923,
unmarried, and after donating his body to science, was
buried at his own request in a pauper's grave. He was
related to the Hungarian artist and sculptor, Ferenc Martyn